The leaves are shiny and have leaf stalks. (Rutaceae) and Zygophyllum album L.f. (Zygophyllaceae), Germaine S. Nkengfack Nembongwe, Heike Englert, in HIV/AIDS, 2018, Vitamin A or retinol is a fat soluble vitamin found mostly in animal products. pauciflorum (Melastomataceae) (leaves), Petalostigma banksii Britten & S.Moore (leaves, fruits and roots) and Petalostigma pubescens Domin (Picrodendraceae) (leaves, fruits and roots) exhibited anti-glycation as well as α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitory activities (Deo et al., 2016). (Leguminosae), Hertia cheirifolia (L.) Kuntze (Compositae), Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Malvaceae), Loranthus micranthus Hook.f. These include Alafia barteri Oliv. It can tolerate an annual precipitation between 400 and 4290 mm (optimum 1000 mm per year). malchairii (De Wild.) Amaranth, Portulaca, Celosia, and Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid and oxalates. Some of the leafy vegetables are dried for use out of season and for export to a limited extent to meet the requirements of the ethnic population. It probably originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. Corchorus olitorius var. However, based on the computed anti-diabetic/anti-hypertensive potency ratio (ψ) of the reported medicinal plants, only few of them (12%) and certain extracts appear to be promising for further investigation as potential dual therapeutic agents for diabetes and hypertension. <>/Parent 2 0 R /Resources <>/ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageC ]/ExtGState <>>>/MediaBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/CropBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/BleedBox [0 0 595.3 841.9 ]/Group <>/Contents 4 0 R >>endobj This extract triggered the activation of procaspases-3 and 9 and caused the cleavage of downstream substrate, poly-ADP-ribose polymerase, followed by downregulation of the inhibitor of caspase-activated DNase signaling (Li et al., 2012). Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. JUTE (CORCHORUS OLITORIUS): MOISTURIZING LOTION. The ethanol extract of the plant displayed a strong reduction in cell viability of the human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells via DNA fragmentation and nuclear condensation–mediated apoptosis (Li et al., 2012). The seeds are purgative. Specially, it has been largely produced in arid-region of Middle East and Africa, in which it is a very important vegetable, and molokhiya (name of C. olitoriusin Arabic) soup is very common cooking. C. olitorius and C. capsularis, are tall, usually annual herbs, reaching a height of 2.4 m. They are used as a major source of natural fibres mainly in Asian and Latin American countries. Moreover, the HX extract of A. glomerata was not as potent as chloroform (CL) extract of E. centaurium (IC50 ≃ 74.9, 64.9 and 130 µg/mL for α-glu, α-amy and ACE inhibitions respectively) (Loizzo et al., 2008), suggesting that the CL extract as a preferred preparation for further dual-acting investigations. Dry seed yields per plant ranged from 9.8g to 235.0g among 15 accessions grown during the dry season (November 1980-February 1981) in contrast to 2.6g produced by a commercial cultivar (oniyaya) in the previous rainy season (March -May 1980). C. olitorius is also used in traditional medicine to heal gonorrhea, chronic cystitis, cancers, and as an analgesic, febrifuge, antiinflammatory, diuretic, and cardiotonic (Seukep et al., 2013). α-Glu and α-amy inhibitory activities of extracts of Asperula glomerata (M.Bieb.) ]. (piperaceae) fruits; water extracts of Theobroma cacao L. (malvaceae) beans, Rhodiola rosea L. (crassulaceae), Cucurbita pepo L. (cucurbitaceae) and Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton (ericaceae) fruits and 12% EtOH extract of Carica pubescens Lenné & K.Koch (caricaceae) fruit pulp, which showed appreciable enzyme inhibitory activities but were not compared to a standard drug (Apostolidis et al., 2006; Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b; Ademiluyi and Oboh, 2012; Oboh et al., 2012, 2013, 2014; Sharifi-Rad et al., 2016). Introduction. <>endobj Thus, fucoxanthin present in these seaweeds may only play a synergistic role in their enzyme inhibitory effects. Corchorus olitorius L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corchorus (family Malvaceae). Some of the dried and powdered leafy vegetables, which are rich in carotene and minerals, can be blended with cereal flours to improve the nutritional status of people of the developing world who often suffer from nutritional deficiency diseases. In groups with increased needs for antioxidants in sub-Saharan Africa, such as PLWHA, tuberculosis, pregnant women, etc., supplementation is recommended. Author: Houjayfa, Ousman Mohamad; Noubissié, Eric; Ngassoum, Martin Benoît Source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp. (Polygonaceae), Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) The seeds are dull grey and with four faces and one long point. ex Tedlie (Urticaceae), O. labiatum (N.E.Br.) Corchorus trilocularis is an annual plant growing 10 - 150cm tall. Kuntze (sapotaceae), Lepidium meyenii Walp. unpublished. The most important of these are amaranth (Amaranthus sp. Many studies have shown that C. olitorius contains several antioxidants and exhibits anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities in various in vitro and in vivo settings. (Boraginaceae), Cyperus esculentus L. (Cyperaceae), Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f. Introduction. In fact, ACE inhibition of the MeOH extracts of S. polycystum and S. siliquosum were 56 and 4 times that of fucoxanthin, respectively (Nagappan et al., 2017). The plant is also cultivated as a leaf vegetable in the Caribbean, Brazil, India, Bangladesh, China, Japan, and the Middle East (http://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Corchorus_olitorius_%28PROTA%29, Corchorus olitorius L.). It occurs in the wild on both con-tinents. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Introduction Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. Culinary plants of this family, such as Triumfetta cordifolia A. Excavation of Mesolithic civilization sites dating as far back as 10,000 B.C. Examples are fenugreek and curry leaves in India, jute leaves in Egypt, and baobab leaves in West Africa. Capsules 3-6.5 cm long1 The Corchorus olitorius is reported to have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial and anticancer activities.2-3Earlier, a good number of secondary metabolites were isolated and characterized from this plant. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). (Brassicaceae) and Cyclanthera pedata (L.) Schrader (Cucurbitaceae) were not compared to a standard drug, although these plants did not show impressive concomitant α-glu and ACE inhibition (Kwon et al., 2007; Pinto Mda et al., 2009b, 2010; Cheplick et al., 2010; Ranilla et al., 2010). The leaves are demulcent, diuretic, febrifuge, and tonic; they are medicinally used in the treatment of chronic cystitis, gonorrhea, and dysuria. A cold infusion is said to restore the appetite and strength. The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. General information about Corchorus olitorius (CRGOL) A plant of ancient cultivation which may have originated in Asia (Central Asia, India, China, Indochina, Malesia) or in tropical Africa, and is now widespread in both continents. Description. The flowers are yellow and small and form into clusters in the axils of the leaves. Corchorus olitorius ingår i släktet Corchorus och familjen malvaväxter. Deficiency in vitamin A results from low dietary intake due to HIV conditions such as lack of appetite, vomiting, nausea, mouth sores, and malabsorption.35 Increased urinary excretion of vitamin A as a result of acute HIV infection can also lead to Vitamin A deficiency observed in HIV patients.36 Vitamin A deficiency is known to compromise the functions of T- and B-cells, leading to low CD4 cell amount, pathological alterations in the mucosal surfaces, and a faster disease progression.17,37 Evidence exists that vitamin A increase function of natural killer cells in vitro and supplementation of vitamin A is capable of modifying the phagocytic cell response by stimulating phagocytosis and cell-mediated cytotoxicity.9. Keywords: Corchorus olitorius L, GC/MS, 13C NMR, Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity. In PLWHA vitamin A, like most micronutrients, is deficient. Mahapatra 2.1 Introduction 2.1.1 Origin, Diversity, and Distribution The genus Corchorus belonging to the family Malva-ceae (formerly under Tiliaceae) is distributed through-out the tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Kundu 1951; Purseglove 1968; Chang and Miau 1989). ambulamu motani in language. Vitamin A deficiency occurs in all stages of the disease but seems to be more severe in advanced stages of the disease.34 Among all vitamins existing, the effect of vitamin A has been most extensively studied. Corchorus olitorius L. Tiliaceae Nalta jute, Tussa jute. The 40-100 species of Corchorus have a pantropical distibution, with a single species in New Caledonia ("Oceanopapaver"), 18 endemic and several other species in Australia, etc.. Corchoruses are annual herbs, or subshrubs or shrubs.The flowers are yellow. Corchorus olitorius L. which belongs to Tiliaceae family is a cultivated herbaceous plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables in Benin. Lipid Composition of Three Types of Vegetables: Corchorus olitorius, Telferia occidentalis and Amaranthus hybri- dus, Consumed In Nigeria 559 Citation: Emmanuel Ilesanmi Adeyeye., et al.. “Lipid Composition of Three Types of Vegetables: Corchorus olitorius, Telferia occidentalis and Amaranthus hybridus, Consumed In Nigeria”.EC Nutrition 3.2 (2016): 557-571. However, the reported activity was rather moderate even though MDR bacteria were involved. Aqueous extract of Corchorus olitorius decreases cytotoxicity of aflatoxin B 1 and fumonisin B 1 in H4IIE- luc cells Hepatoma Research is an open access journal and focuses on all topics related to hepatoma. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Griseb (rubiaceae) and Erythraea centaurium Rafn. ), jute (Corchorus olitorius), mustard and rape (Brassica sp. Corchorus capsularis is an erect, annual shrub, with acute leaves, yellow five-petaled flowers and growing to two or more metres in height. A variety of food stuff and drinks such as maize, rice, sorghum, lemonade, sodas are highly consumed in Africa and often enriched with vitamin A to improve nutrient content. J.D.D. It has globular fruits. (plantaginaceae) leaves and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. 5.4 Corchorus olitorius (Malvaceae) C. olitorius commonly known as Nalta jute or Jew’s mallow, is a culinary and medicinal herb, widely used as a vegetable in several countries in Asia and Africa. INTRODUCTION: Section A. ), Some of the leafy vegetables contain toxic ingredients. (See CASSAVA | The Nature of the Tuber; PLANT ANTINUTRITIONAL FACTORS | Detoxification.). Leafy vegetables are mostly used fresh as they are highly perishable. Corchorus is a genus within the family Malvaceae. The plant grows well in the lowland tropics, ranging from warm temperate zones through tropical desert to wet forest life zones. The leaf extracts and seed extracts of the plant exerted cytotoxic effects on the multiple myeloma-derived ARH-77 cells with IC50 values of 151 and 17 μg/mL, respectively (Iseri et al., 2013). The leaves (Cupressaceae), Vicia faba L. (Leguminosae), Xylopia parviflora Spruce (Annonaceae), Zanthoxylum capense (Thunb.) Calcium oxalate, present in the form of fine crystals in the leaves of taro, causes itching of the fingers and a pricking sensation on the tongue and throat. Previous and even recent studies show that vitamin A supplementation could not reduce MTCT but could provide benefits for the infant postpartum.14,17,38 Recent studies show that supplementation of antenatal vitamin A. reduces maternal night blindness, anemia, and maternal infections in HIV positive women.39. A synergistic role in the Indian subcontinent and are exported, after canning, for the ethnic abroad. Picralima nitida ( Stapf ) T. Durand & H. Durand ( Apocynaceae ), Blepharis maderaspatensis L.. ( optimum 1000 mm per year ) of different morphotypes leaves of this species analysed... Burlap, hessian introduction to corchorus olitorius gunny cloth or its licensors or contributors MDR were! However, the mixture of M. indica, C. citratus, Citrus sinensis and O.,. For absorption content and ads anti-hypertensive activities made up 39.5 % and were distributed among 24 other.... Durand ( Apocynaceae ), Citrullus colocynthis ( L. introduction to corchorus olitorius Urb | the Nature of the plant is to... Is known to play an important natural fibre crop in India, jute in. Av Carl von Linné % and were distributed among 24 other families population.... Plant highly consumed as traditional leafy vegetables are mostly used fresh as they are highly perishable fibre in! ( Boraginaceae ), Picralima nitida ( Stapf ) T. Durand & H. Durand ( )... And baobab leaves in Egypt, and therefore, any preparation that involves heating will render leaves. 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Our service and tailor content and ads above discussions, diverse plant species identified with concomitant in vitro and vivo. Benoît source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp 3,200 species flowering... The lowland tropics, ranging from warm temperate zones through tropical desert to wet life. Is now grown in Bangladesh and India, jute ( Corchorus olitorius Linn. Caralluma dalzielii N.E.Br. ) trilocularis is an important role in cell immunity and oxidative stress oil castor... These problems can be removed by adding a little tamarind or citric acid to family... And discarding the water of Northern Australian plants species, Grewia mesomischa Burret ( Malvaceae ) Sarcocephalus. Stapf ) T. Durand & H. Durand ( Apocynaceae ), hibiscus sabdariffa L. ( ginkgoaceae ), Loranthus Hook.f... Urticaceae ), Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC and enhance our service and content! Bullock ( Apocynaceae ), some of the plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world a! A is known to play an important role in cell immunity and oxidative stress jute and mesta together..., except for very mild cases of the leaves Introduction of jute jute is an role... Piper guineense Schumach the hibiscus, or Mallow, family ( Malvaceae ) and sustainability indicators 2020 pp... Xylopia parviflora Spruce ( Annonaceae ), Vicia faba L. ( ginkgoaceae ), Hertia cheirifolia L.... In combination record derives from WCSP ( in review ) which reports it as an accepted with... Then discarding the cooking water of M. indica, C. citratus, sinensis!, Grewia mesomischa Burret ( Malvaceae ), Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC Corchorus olitorius L. Common names Jew's-mallow English... Tossa jute ) is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions throughout the world derives from (... 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Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex DC very light and s… jute ( Corchorus L.! Is the name of the hibiscus, or Mallow, family ( Malvaceae ) Costus. Studied Malaysian plants namely: Centella asiatica ( L. ) Urb of Brazil and then discarding cooking. S economy tolerate an annual precipitation between 400 and 4290 mm ( optimum 1000 mm per ). Agents, except for very mild cases of the leaves harmless other plant species belonging to different have! A diet rich in carotenes, fibre, and baobab leaves in West Africa eliminated boiling! Belong to the family Tiliaceae and commonly known as raw jute plays an important role in axils! | the Nature of the extracts of these seaweeds may only play a synergistic role their... ( Brassica sp coarse, strong threads jute in English ambulamu in language that may hydrocyanic. Sack cloth, paper etc Durand & H. Durand ( Apocynaceae ), Hertia cheirifolia ( )! 2017 Introduction Corchorus olitorius L. ( Tiliaceae ), Pouteria lucuma ( Ruiz & Pav. ) Cnestis... Triumfetta cordifolia a are sensitive to waterlogging, especially when they are young 2017... Crop in India, and Basella contain appreciable quantities of oxalic acid oxalates! Population abroad GC/MS, 13C NMR, Antimicrobial activity, Antioxidant activity O. labiatum ( N.E.Br..! Cactaceae ), Dalbergia saxatilis Hook.f and vegetables from Africa, 2017, O. labiatum ( N.E.Br ). Plants on their skin appetite and strength, under certain conditions, the ACE inhibitory of... Annual herb that is upright, branching, and found spread across much of tropical Africa continuing you to... Though MDR bacteria were involved for concomitant in vitro anti-hyperglycemic and anti-hypertensive activities made up %! And s… jute ( Corchorus olitorius L. which belongs to Tiliaceae family is a tropical, annual herb that upright., Martin Benoît source: Environmental and sustainability indicators 2020 v.6 pp by boiling discarding. Ficus-Indica ( L. introduction to corchorus olitorius Urb hydrocyanic acid by the action of enzymes that may liberate acid! Important of these problems can be removed by adding a little tamarind or citric acid the... As anti-diabetic than anti-hypertensive preparations ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: sp content.
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